# Create Numbered Theorem Environments Using Pandoc

##
Fei Ye

### 2020/04/24

When writing a research paper in a single html page, we can use Pandoc’s fenced Div blocks to create theorem environments. Using the css pseudo element `::before`

and `counter`

property, we can add theorem name, number, and title to the theorem environment. Here is an example.

Suppose we have the theorem.

```
::: {.thm title="(Fundamental Theorem of Algebra)" id="thm:FTA"}
Let $p(x)$ be a polynomial of degree $n>0$ with complex coefficients. Then $p(x)$ has exactly $n$ linear factors over the complex number field.
$$p(x)=a\left(x-{c}_{1}\right)\left(x-{c}_{2}\right)…\left(x-{c}_{n}\right)$$
where ${c}_{1},{c}_{2},…,{c}_{n}$ are complex numbers and $a$ is the leading coefficient.
:::
```

Then the following css will added theorem name, number and title before the content of the theorem.

```
body {
counter-reset: thmnumber;
}
.thm {
counter-increment: thmnumber;
}
.thm::before {
content: "Theorem " counter(thmnumber) " " attr(name);
}
```

To add the section number to the theorem number, we can define a section counter similarly and add to the content of `.thm::before`

.

Because the `counter`

value can only be used by the `content`

property, using the counter to create the theorem number will not help cross-referencing. Instead, within a single html file, we can use jQuery to create numbered theorems and make cross-reference available.

```
$(document).ready(function () {
$('.thm').each(function(index,value) {
thmnumber=index+1;
$(this).attr('number', thmnumber);
thmid=(this).getAttribute('id');
thmtitle=(this).getAttribute('title');
if (thmtitle==null) {
thmtitle='';
};
if (thmid==null) {
$(this).prepend('<span><strong>'+
'Theorem '+thmnumber+' '+ thmtitle +
'</strong></span>');
}
else {
$(this).prepend('<span id="'+thmid+'"><strong>'+
'Theorem '+thmnumber+' '+ thmtitle +
'</strong></span>');
}
});
})
```

The following are examples.

Let $p(x)$ be a polynomial of degree $n>0$ with complex coefficients. Then $p(x)$ has exactly $n$ linear factors over the complex number field.
$$p(x)=a\left(x-{c}_{1}\right)\left(x-{c}_{2}\right)…\left(x-{c}_{n}\right)$$
where ${c}_{1},{c}_{2},…,{c}_{n}$ are complex numbers and $a$ is the leading coefficient.

In a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.

Edited on 2024/03/18